The scientific heritage of M. S. Grushevsky and its significance for the formation of the sociological theory in Ukraine

Keywords: sovereignty, independence of the Ukrainian state, European country, democracy, constitutionalism, education, Ukrainian language, Ukrainian literature, social character, civil society, technocracy, socio-economic development, sociology

Abstract

In the article, using a panoramic view of the problem situation, certain aspects of M. S. Grushevsky’s sociological and political science heritage are presented. Attention is focused on the issues of his tireless state-building, educational, teaching, literary, research activities. The emphasis was placed on the relevance of the socio-political theories of the scientist for comprehending the contemporary stage of the life activity of Ukrainian society. In the context of scientific research of M. S. Grushevsky identified some ideas that are of great importance for the development, on the one hand, of state institutions and civil society in Ukraine, and on the other – the organization of science. First of all, we are talking about important ideas of the sovereignty, independence of the Ukrainian state, the political structure of the country, constitutionalism, national agreement, the unity of Ukrainian lands, high political culture, democracy, the functioning of the Ukrainian language, the interaction of the elite and the average citizen, the social character of Ukrainian society, the development of society, the role of women in social relations, the renaissance of national education, moral orientations of Ukrainian youth, socio-economic development of the country, care for the least well off strata of the population. At the same time, the researcher’s interest in some general theoretical sociological questions was noted – What is society, what are the laws of his progress? Is it possible to explore society with the help of objective methods, the dichotomy of individual and collective, biological and social, differentiation and integration of forms of social life? M. S. Grushevsky’s approval of classical Ukrainian literature was noted, which he considered a strong foundation for the development of national education and culture.

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Published
2018-11-15
How to Cite
Nikolenko, V. V. (2018). The scientific heritage of M. S. Grushevsky and its significance for the formation of the sociological theory in Ukraine. Grani, 21(10), 76-85. https://doi.org/10.15421/1718132
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Article