Gas exporting countries forum as a new actor of international gas market

  • I. V. Beschasna The Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk national university
Keywords: energy security, natural gas market, «gas» OPEC, gas cartel, producer countries, consumer countries, liquefied gas


In the presented article the author analyzes the activity of the new organization in the international arena – Gas Exporting CountriesForum. Today association of gas strives focus its activities on the optimization of international cooperation in sphere of production and consumption. Besides, member countries of the Forum note the importance of ensuring international energy security is reflected in the major purposes of the organization. Gas Exporting Countries Forum is often called the «gas OPEC». However, a significant difference in the principles of the oil and gas market, cannot say that the GECF could become soon on the «gas cartel». In the article analyzes not only main objectives and provisions of work association, butalso the key problems. In particular, it is a conflict between member states. Different political and economic interests of the participants cannot effectively work within the organization. Also has a significant influence position of the EU and the US, who believe that the a forum directed at monopolizing global gas market. The characteristic feature of the modern world is that the processes of globalization have covered all spheres. They have touched all branches of human life. The long-usual practice was the generation of efforts of representatives of different countries to solve global problems. In the last decade, against the backdrop of long-overdue global problems (climate change, environmental pollution, etc.), a new - energy security has emerged. The ever-increasing demand for natural resources and the unevenness of their location leads to increased tensions not only between individual states but also between entire regions. Conceptual provisions and mechanisms for ensuring international energy security are primarily developed within the framework of intergovernmental relations. However, given the ever-increasing role of international organizations in world society, it is necessary to focus on their activities in the field of energy security. In such associations as the UN, EU, NAFTA and others there are special commissions dealing with energy security. In addition, countries that export natural resources, such as OPEC and the Forum of Gas Exporters (FKEG), play a significant role in ensuring the balance in this area. FKEG is a new actor in the international arena. However, this does not diminish its significance among other associations, especially given the members of this organization. In spite of the desire to reorganize the world gas market and to some extent monopolize it, the participating states express an interest in actively participating in ensuring international security, first of all, in the energy sector. In view of this, the topic of activity of the FCEG is extremely relevant today.


Alyev A. Mesto dlja dyskussyj. Forumu stran eksporterov gaza poka ne udaetsja stat gazovyim analogom OPEK (The place for discussion. Exporting Countries Forum still cannot to become a analog of OPEC). Regime to access:­dlya­diskussij/.

Gazovaya opeka. Forum stran – eksporterov gaza obzavelsya ustavom i shtab­kvartiroy (Gas guardianship. The Gas Exporting Countries Forum has got the charter and the headquarters). Regime to access:

Gazprom i Sonatrach podpisali memorandum o vzaimoponimanii (Gazprom and Sonatrach signed a Memorandum of Understanding). Regime to access:

Eksporteryi gaza soglasovali ustava organizatsii (Gas exporters agreed to the Charter of)// Ryinok tsennyih bumag. Regime to access:

Korolyuk S. Gazovyiy OPEK. Szhizhennyiy (The gas OPEC. The liquefied). Regime to access:­gazovyjj_opek_szhizhennyjj.html.

Ofitsialnyiy sayt Ministerstva energetiki RF (Official site of the Ministry of Energy RF). Regime to access:­operation/fseg_contributio/.

Ofitsialnyiy sayt Federalnogo gosudarstvennogo unitarnogo predpriyatiya «Tsentralnoe dispetcherskoe upravlenie toplivno­energeticheskogo kompleksa» (Official site of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Central Dispatching management of fuel and energy complex»). Regime to access:

Suponina E. Gazovyie eksporteryi ssoryatsya iz­za revolyutsiy (Gas exporters quarrel over the revolutions). Regime to access:

Suponina E. Eksport gaza i revolyutsiy. Katar nastorozhil ostalnyih proizvoditeley topliva (The export of gas and revolutions. Qatar alerted other producers of fuel). Regime to access: http://ru.journal­

Kasayev E.O. The Myth of a Natural Gas OPEC. – Regime to access:­myth­natural­gas­opec­8082.

The Gas Exporting Countries Forum. Regime to access:

How to Cite
Beschasna, I. V. (2014). Gas exporting countries forum as a new actor of international gas market. Grani, 18(1), 130-135.