Major trends in party system in Ukraine for 1998-2014 years
AbstractThe current party system of Ukraine, defined its main features and trends with regard of parliamentary elections 2014 was investigated. The classification, which distinguish the parliamentary system was determined. It is established that the party system has undergone significant changes compared to previous years. Thus, according to classification Mayra Ukrainian party system evolved from a secondary party system to a system of small parties because the two largest parties have 47.5% of votes in parliament. Meyer’s Index fell by almost a factor of 2, indicating that the party system became more competitive, the process of forming a coalition will be longer, and the stability of the government will be lower than in previous years. The calculated effective indices of the number of parties suggested Laakso, Taagepera and Golosov also show that the party system became more fragmented. Based on the analyzed results of parliamentary elections for 19982014 years, it has found that increasing or decreasing the percentage threshold of 1%, not significantly affected by the number of parties represented in Parliament; none of the parties could not be present in every convocation; there is uncertainty in electoral preferences. Formulation of the problem. The presence of political parties in the state and their free participation in electoral campaigns in parliament is one of the main signs of a democratic system in the state. Political parties, in turn, form a party system that is a certain indicator of the level of its democratic development, but this does not mean that it is inherent only to democratic countries. The party system exists even in authoritarian and totalitarian countries, where the one-party system is legally enshrined in the constitution. In some countries, such as the United States, Britain, thanks to established democratic traditions, bipartisan systems have been formed. In Ukraine, although it is a democratic state, there are still no established democratic traditions. In 2014, the country returned to the parliamentary-presidential form of government. This led to an increase in the role of the Verkhovna Rada and parties in political processes. In addition, parliamentary elections were held in 2014. Therefore, the relevance of the research of the modern party system of Ukraine, the changes it has undergone and the determination of its development trends for 1998-2014 is of relevance.
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