Modern political activity in gender aspect

Abstract

The article describes the main gender features of the implementation of political activities. We study the gender analysis as a process of assessing the different impact on women and men, which is implemented by existing or planned programs, legislation, public policy directions, in all spheres of society and the state. Moreover, the research proves the existence in society of discrimination based on sex, which means acts or omissions that express any distinction, exclusion or privilege on the basis of sex if they are intended to restrict or make it impossible to recognize, use or exercise on an equal basis human rights and freedoms for women and men. The article analyzes gender stereotypes in the social and political sphere that carried out on the example of a gender portrait of the Dnepropetrovsk region. Therefore, various forms of political activity are considered as a set of actions of individuals and social groups aimed at realizing their own political interests. We explore the effectiveness of the implementation of gender policy, which is manifested in the actions of political actors aimed at the adoption of the partnership of the sexes in the definition and implementation of political goals, objectives and methods for their achievement. It was stated that in the process of the democratic development of Ukrainian society, a social order for women engaged in active public and political activities and capable of holding high management positions should be met. This work reveals that the necessary component of the process of social development is the conduct of gender analysis, the introduction of gender analysis in the practice of assessing all social processes and the effectiveness of management of socio-economic and political development.In addition, the study proves that prerequisite for the development of society is gender equality, that is, the equal legal status of women and men and equal opportunities for its implementation, which allows individuals of both sexes to participate equally in all spheres of society’s life. Also noted that the existence of gender inequality slows down the opportunities for economic growth, weakens the system of public administration and reduces the effectiveness of human development strategies. Therefore, careful study of the gender features of contemporary political life and the definition of the directions of further social development is an important condition for ensuring gender parity in various spheres of Ukrainian society. Accordingly, we determine that it is necessary to reduce the influence on the public consciousness of gender stereotypes, that is, stereotypes about the role and place of women and men in society having a cultural and historical basis and, in the majority, restricting the rights of women in society and generating gender discrimination. The article demonstrates that the peculiarities of modern political processes require the search for new approaches to explain and predict the various conflicts between the branches of power, political crises, in order to design policies and to choose the means of state policy.

References

1. Bodryjjar, Zh. (2000). Soblazn [Тemptation]. Moscow: Ad Marginem [in Russian].
2. Vilkova, O. (2008). Suchasni modeli ghendernoji polityky: sutnistj ta osoblyvosti [Contemporary models of gender policy: the essence and peculiarities of implementation]. Polit. Menedzhment, 6, 160-166 [in Ukrainian].
3. Amdzhadin, L. (2017). Ghenderni stereotypy ta stavlennja ghromadsjkosti do ghendernykh problem [Gender stereotypes and public attitudes toward gender issues]. Kyiv: Kompanija VAITE [in Ukrainian].
4. Ghendernyj portret Dnipropetrovsjkoji oblasti [The gender portrait of Dnipropetrovsk region]. Retrieved from:
http://www.dneprstat.gov.ua/image/Gender_portrait_of_Dnipropetrovsk_region [in Ukrainian].
5. Kodacjka, N.O. (2017). Shljakh profesijnoji samoidentyfikaciji: ghenderni osoblyvosti [The path of professional self-identification: gender peculiarities]. Scientific and theoretical almanac, 1, 21-26. (in Ukrainian).
6. Babenkо, A.Gh. (2016). Pidvyshhennja efektyvnosti vykorystannja personalu ta jogho rozvytok: monoghrafija [Increase of efficiency of personnel use and its development: monograph]. Dnipropetrovsjk: UMSF [in Ukrainian].
7. Skoryk, M.M. (2014). Zhinky v polityci Ukrajiny na miscevomu rivni: shljakhy, problemy, uchastj. Analitychnyj zvit za rezuljtatamy roboty shesty fokus-ghrup za uchastju zhinok – deputatok ta kandydatok v deputaty oblasnykh, misjkykh ta rajonnykh rad [Women in Ukrainian politics at the local level: ways, problems, participation. Analytical report on the results of six focus groups with participation of women - deputies and candidates for deputies of region, city and district councils]. Kyiv: TOV «ITEM LTD» [in Ukrainian].
8. Sajenko, Ju. (2007). Ghenderni stereotypy ta stavlennja ghromadsjkosti do ghendernykh problem v ukrajinsjkomu suspiljstvi [Gender stereotypes and public attitudes toward gender issues in Ukrainian society]. Kyiv: Proghrama rozvytku OON, Centr socialjnykh ekspertyz Instytutu sociologhiji NAN Ukrajiny [in Ukrainian].
9. Suslova, O.I. (2016). Zakonotvorchistj: zabezpechennja rivnykh prav ta mozhlyvostej zhinok i cholovikiv [Lawmaking: еnsuring equal rights and opportunities for women and men]. Kyiv: Zapovit [in Ukrainian].
10. Sklad i struktura vyshhogho zakonodavchogho orghanu krajiny [Composition and structure of the highest legislative agency of the country]. Retrieved from: http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/site2/p_deputat_list [in Ukrainian].
11. Tatenko, V.O. (2008). Socialjna psykhologhija vplyvu: мonoghrafija [Social psychology of influence: Monograph]. Kyiv: Milenium [in Ukrainian].
12. The Global Gender Gap Report 2016. World Economic Forum. Retrieved from: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR16/WEF_Global_Gender_Gap_Report_2016.pdf
Published
2018-10-11
How to Cite
Kodatska, N. O. (2018). Modern political activity in gender aspect. Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 21(9), 6-12. https://doi.org/10.15421/1718109
Section
Article