Phenomenon of pandemy from the point of view of system theory: to the formulation of the problem

Keywords: pandemic, antisystem, biocenosis, anthropocenosis, entropy, negentropy, discrete system, stiff system, open system, closed system


Proposed system theory for researching phenomenon of pandemic. The matter of this conception includes the next idea: pandemic is showed as a certain variant of antisystem. In this case pandemic has median nature, it emerges as an interferential picture of crossing of two systems – biocenosis and anthropocenosis.A system in its inner structure and organization is showed as totality of homogeneous and heterogeneous units in their union and relations. There are four types of systems create biocenosis and anthropocenosis: discrete, stiff, open and closed. The successful existence of a system must take into account quality of its elements, quantity of its elements, architectonics of elements of a system. Together with that a system should have a degree of order, a character of order, a functional effect and a compliance of a system with its functions. Relations in a system make a system as it. A basic element of a system is its relations. A system is organic, but not mechanic, forming.Biocenosis is a definite completed complex of forms, that physically, ecologically, historically is united in a whole by the conditions of existence. It consists of zoocenosis, plant community, viruscenosis etc. Anthropocenosis is a core of ethnocenosis. Showed that union of biocenosis and anthropocenosis is in possibility to autoreproduction and difference is dependence of anthropocenosis from not only biological, but social, cultural, spiritual laws. If biocenosis can evaluate by simple summation of changes, that anthropocenosis can evaluate by prognostics and combinations of complex and growing coordination of development.Antisystem as a notion is a system with negative level of consistency, it’s a union of multiple elements at the expense of their interaction of a whole, that that prevents of achievements of aims. Proposed that antisystem is emerged as negative meeting of two different systems.Pandemic belongs to hostile type of relations between biocenosis and anthropocenosis. During their collision biocenosis has some entropic processes and aims to compensate them for anthropocenosis. Biocenosis uses anthropocenosis as negentropy. In its turn anthropocenosis has the same processes. That’s why pandemic is a war between biocenosis and anthropocenosis and median space between of them.Pandemic can initiate not only dissipative, negative, antievolution processes. It’s an existential, limit situation. Pandemic has mortal danger and new possibilities at the same time.


1. Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General System Theory. NYC: Library of Congress Catalog.
2. Quammen, D. (2014). Ebola: The Natural and Human History of a Deadly Virus. NYC: W.W. Norton & Company.
3. Quammen, D. (2012). Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic. London: Bodley Head.
4. Aver’yanov, A.N. (1985). Sistemnoe poznanie mira: Metodologicheskie porblemy [Systemic cognition of the world: Methodological problems]. Moscow: Politizdat [in Russian].
5. Bromlej, Yu.V. (2012). Neskol’ko zamechanij o social’nyh i prirodnyh faktorov etnogeneza [A few remarks on the social and natural factors of ethnogenesis]. L. N. Gumilev: pro et contra, antologia. (pp. 536-540). Saint Petersburg: NOKO [in Russian].
6. Vallerstain, I. (2008). Kapitalisticheskaya civilizacia [Capitalist civilization]. Moscow: TNI KMK [in Russian].
7. Vernadsky, V.I. (1978). Zhivoe veshchestvo [Living matter]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].
8. Global’na epidemia u sviti nemynucha – 7 prychyn [The global epidemic is inevitable – 7 reasons]. (2017). Fakty vid 4 kvitnya. Retrieved from:[in Ukrainian].
9. Gumilev, L.N. (2001). Etnogenez i biosfera Zemli [Ethnogenesis and the Earth’s biosphere]. Saint Petersburg: Kristall [in Russian].
10. Gumilev, L.N. (2002). Etnosfera: istoria lyudej i istoria prirody [Ethnosphere: the history of people and the history of nature]. Saint Petersburg: Kristall [in Russian].
11. Efremov, Yu.K. (2012). Vazhnoe zveno v tsepi svyazej cheloveka s prirodoj [An important link in the chain of human connections with nature]. L. N. Gumilev: pro et contra, antologia. (pp. 576-582). Saint Petersburg: NOKO [in Russian].
12. Kaluzhsky, M.L. (2013). Obshchaya teoria system [Philosophy of Antisystems]. Moscow: Direkt-Media [in Russian].
13. Koryavtsev, P.M. (1994). Filosofia antisistem [Philosophy of Antisystems]. Saint Petersburg. Retrieved from: [in Russian].
14. Malinovsky, A.A. (2000). Tektologia. Teoria system. Teoreticheskaya biologia [Tectology. Theory of systems. Theoretical Biology]. Moscow: Editorial [in Russian].
15. Lutsenko, E.V. ASK-analis kak metod vyyavleniya kognitivnyh funkicional’nyh zavisimostej v mnogomernyh zashumlennyh fragmentirovannyh dannyh [ASK-analysis as a method for revealing cognitive functional dependencies in multidimensional noisy fragmented data]. Retrieved from: [in Russian].
16. Pivovarov, O.N. (2002). Priroda zhivyh system [Nature of living systems]. Moscow: NIA-Priroda [in Russian].
17. Rashevsky, N. (1969). Organizmicheskie mnozhestva: ocherk obshchej teorii biologicheskih i social’nyh organizmov [Organism sets: an outline of the general theory of biological and social organisms]. Issledovania po obshchej teorii system. Moscow: Progress [in Russian].
18. Surmin, Yu.P. (2003). Teorii system i sistemnyj analiz [Theory of systems and systems analysis]. Kyiv: MAUP [in Russian].
19. Uemov, A.I. (1978). Sistemnyj podhod i obshchaya teoria system [The system approach and the general theory of systems]. Moscow: Mysl [in Russian].
20. Shah, S. (2016). Pandemia: Istoria smertel’nyh virusov [Pandemic: A history of deadly viruses]. Moscow: Alpina Digital [in Russian].
How to Cite
Lukanova, V. V. (2018). Phenomenon of pandemy from the point of view of system theory: to the formulation of the problem. Grani, 21(7), 70-76.