Interconnection of social purpose and planning of the territory of the rehabilitation park


  • E. G. Pozdnyakova-Kirbyateva Khortytsia National Educational Rehabilitation Academy
Keywords: cognitive umbrella, physical rehabilitation, intellectual development, a child with a disability, Hypotherapy, socialization, social service

Abstract

The article is an intermediate result of research in the field of sociology of rehabilitation activities. Its purpose is to investigate the relationship between social purpose and the planning of objects located on the territory of the rehabilitation park for children with disabilities.The starting point in the article is the understanding that the rehabilitation park is a specialized medical and social location in which patients can undergo physical, psycho-social recovery by receiving physiotherapeutic, medical, cultural, animated, psychological, cognitive and social services. In the architectural sense, as a rule, it includes a specialized health-improving complex, a hotel, as well as a park area.The article emphasizes that the object of its research conceptually coincides with the interests of the general population, including a special place taken by parents of children with special needs, state and municipal socially oriented institutions, community of the territorial community, sponsors and grantees. It is proved that under the influence of their requests the social purpose of the rehabilitation park is formed, which is to provide systemic physical and mental restoration, social and intellectual development of visitors in the conditions of «recovery during rest».One of the main provisions of the publication is that the unity of social and functional purpose directly affects the concept of landscape design of a rehabilitation park for children with disabilities. As a result, planning and designing of the characterized location is carried out according to the following principles: system, functionality, integration, accessibility, ergonomics, optimization, nosology, load efficiency, aesthetics and others.In the course of writing the article the author came to the conclusion that the locations of the rehabilitation park can be conditionally divided into several groups - physiological, psycho-esthetic, nature-therapeutic nature. But the methods implemented in them are constantly gaining socialization and educational content. These, along with the main thing – improvement of physical health, social skills and communication experience, are no less important for children with special needs as they can be transferred from the artificially created atmosphere of the park every day.

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Published
2018-08-17
How to Cite
Pozdnyakova-Kirbyateva, E. (2018). Interconnection of social purpose and planning of the territory of the rehabilitation park. Grani, 21(7), 53-62. https://doi.org/10.15421/171894
Section
Статті