Interconnection of social purpose and planning of the territory of the rehabilitation park

  • E. G. Pozdnyakova-Kirbyateva Khortytsia National Educational Rehabilitation Academy
Keywords: cognitive umbrella, physical rehabilitation, intellectual development, a child with a disability, Hypotherapy, socialization, social service


The article is an intermediate result of research in the field of sociology of rehabilitation activities. Its purpose is to investigate the relationship between social purpose and the planning of objects located on the territory of the rehabilitation park for children with disabilities.The starting point in the article is the understanding that the rehabilitation park is a specialized medical and social location in which patients can undergo physical, psycho-social recovery by receiving physiotherapeutic, medical, cultural, animated, psychological, cognitive and social services. In the architectural sense, as a rule, it includes a specialized health-improving complex, a hotel, as well as a park area.The article emphasizes that the object of its research conceptually coincides with the interests of the general population, including a special place taken by parents of children with special needs, state and municipal socially oriented institutions, community of the territorial community, sponsors and grantees. It is proved that under the influence of their requests the social purpose of the rehabilitation park is formed, which is to provide systemic physical and mental restoration, social and intellectual development of visitors in the conditions of «recovery during rest».One of the main provisions of the publication is that the unity of social and functional purpose directly affects the concept of landscape design of a rehabilitation park for children with disabilities. As a result, planning and designing of the characterized location is carried out according to the following principles: system, functionality, integration, accessibility, ergonomics, optimization, nosology, load efficiency, aesthetics and others.In the course of writing the article the author came to the conclusion that the locations of the rehabilitation park can be conditionally divided into several groups - physiological, psycho-esthetic, nature-therapeutic nature. But the methods implemented in them are constantly gaining socialization and educational content. These, along with the main thing – improvement of physical health, social skills and communication experience, are no less important for children with special needs as they can be transferred from the artificially created atmosphere of the park every day.


1. Barmashyna, L.M. (2000). Formuvannja seredovyshha zhyttedijaljnosti dlja malomobiljnykh ghrup naselennja [Formation of a living environment for low-mobility population groups]. Kiev: Sojuz-Reklama [in Ukrainian].
2. Berger, P., & Lukman, T., (1995). Social’noe konstruirovanie real’nosti [Social construction of reality]. Moscow: Loghos [in Russian].
3. Dostupnistj budynkiv i sporud dlja malomobiljnykh ghrup naselennja: Derzhavni budiveljni normy Ukrajiny (2007). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
4. Kashhenko, V.P. (1994). Pedagogicheskaja korrekcija: Ispr. nedostatkov haraktera u detej i podrostkov [Pedagogical correction: Ispra. lack of character in children and adolescents]. Moscow: Prosveshchenie [in Russian].
5. Kravchenko, I.L. (2014). Osoblyvosti planuvannja diljanok centriv medychno-socialjnoji reabilitaciji ditej z vadamy rozvytku [Planning features of the centers of medical and social rehabilitation of children with developmental disabilities]. Kiev: KNUBA [in Ukrainian].
6. Kravchenko, I.L. (2013). Pryncypy arkhitekturno-planuvaljnoji orghanizaciji centriv medychno-socialjnoji reabilitaciji ditej ta pidlitkiv z fizychnymy vadamy [Principles of Architectural and Planning Organization of Centers for Medical and Social Rehabilitation of Children and Adolescents with Disabilities]. Kiev: KNUBA [in Ukrainian].
7. Lakoff, Dzh. (1996). Kognitivnaja semantika [Cognitive semantics]. Moscow: Progress [in Russian].
8. Yakovenko, N.P., & Petryashev, I.O. (2013). Medychna i sotsial’na reabilitatsiya [Medical and social rehabilitation]. Kiev [in Ukrainian].
9. Nechyporenko, V.V. (2006). Stanovlennya osvitn’o-reabilitatsiynoho zakladu novoho typu [The formation of a new type of educational and rehabilitation institution]. Zaporizhzhya: Khortycjkyj navchaljno-reabilitacijnyj baghatoprofiljnyj centr [in Ukrainian].
10. Parsons, T. (1972). Obshhij obzor [General review]. Moscow: Nauchnaia mysl [in Russian].
11. Plotinskij, Ju.M. (2001). Modeli social’nyh proces sov [Models of social processes]. Moscow: Logos [in Russian].
12. Pozdnjakova-Kyrbjat’jeva, E.Gh. (2017). Koghnityvnyj spektr formuvannja socialjnoji misiji reabilitacijnogho parka [Cognitive spectrum of formation of the social mission of the rehabilitation park]. Scientific and theoretical almanac «Grani», 20 (6), 40-45 [in Ukrainian].
13. Pozdnjakova-Kyrbjat’jeva, E.Gh. (2017). Metodologhichni aspekty strukturuvannja koncepciji reabilitacijnogho parku [Methodological aspects of structuring the concept of a rehabilitation park]. Nova paradyghma,131, 153-166 [in Ukrainian].
14. Pozdnjakova-Kyrbjat’jeva, E.Gh (2017). Reabilitacijnyj park jak innovacija v systemi suchasnoji osvity [Rehabilitation park as an innovation in the system of modern education]. Ukraine – EU. Modern Technology, Business and Law: collection of international scientific papers: in 2 parts. Chernihiv [in Ukrainian].
15. Solso, R. (1996). Kognitivnaja psihologija [Cognitive Psychology]. Moscow: Trivola [in Russian].
16. Stepanov, V.K. (1987). Specializirovannye uchebno-lechebnye centry [Specialized educational and medical centers]. Moscow: Stroiizdat [in Russian].
17. Fediy, O.A. (2007). Estetoterapiya: navchal’nyy posibnyk [Aesthetics: A tutorial]. Kiev: Centr navchaljnoji literatury [in Ukrainian].
18. Chala, O.A. (2013). Zasoby landshaftnoji arkhitektury ta vymoghy do nykh v bezbar’jernomu seredovyshhi [Means of landscape architecture and requirements to them in a barrier-free environment]. Mistobuduvannja ta terytorialjne planuvannja, 50, 718-721 [in Ukrainian].
How to Cite
Pozdnyakova-Kirbyateva, E. G. (2018). Interconnection of social purpose and planning of the territory of the rehabilitation park. Grani, 21(7), 53-62.