The origins of the Oles Honchar Dnipro National University


  • M. V. Poliakov Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • V. S. Savchuk Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • S. I. Svitlenko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
Keywords: University education, Higher Women’s Courses, professors, public, city and zemstvo self-government, Katerynoslav University

Abstract

The article recreates the process of establishing the Oles Gonchar Dnipro National University. It was shown that the impetus for the idea of ​​university education in Katerynoslav was an attempt to create Higher Women’s Courses that opened up as private and independent, consisting of two faculties – physical and mathematical (with natural-historical and mathematical branches) and medical, that is, in fact, consisting of faculties, which were envisaged in the project of the university’s opening. Attention is drawn to the fact that in 1915 the City Duma, regardless of the process of creation of the HWC, initiated the issue of the opening of a university in Yekaterinoslav. This discussed two ways. The first provided for the transfer to Yekaterinoslav or Warsaw or Yuryev University, which then fell into the zone of hostilities, and the second - the creation of Yekaterinoslav University on its own. The fact is that on the eve of the revolutionary events of 1917 in Yekaterinoslav a certain system of higher education was formed. The city was operated by Yekaterinoslav Mining Institute, Yekaterinoslav Teachers’ Institute, Katerynoslav High School Women’s Studies courses, University of Yekaterinburg, Jewish Polytechnic Institute, Higher Pedagogical Courses. Ways of creating the Institute of Transport Engineers were worked out. All this formed a powerful basis for the further development of the higher education system in Ekaterinoslav. It is noteworthy that neither the political storms nor the social upheavals of this historical period could affect the desire to organize a university in Yekaterinoslav. With the advent of hetman P. Skoropadsky in April 1918 and the creation of a commission in higher education in Kyiv under the chairmanship of academicians. V. I. Vernadsky’s decisive role in establishing an independent classical university in Ekaterinoslav played by local self-government with the support of the public. It is concluded that the University of Dnipro (in 1918 – Katerinoslavsky) has an official date of statutory approval of its activities as an independent institution of higher education. On August 20, 1918, the Ekaterinoslavsky classical university institution arose as a result of the joint activity of local self-government and the public of the city, with the assistance of the Government of the Ukrainian The states of Hetman P. Skoropadsky.

References

1. Dnepropetrovskomu gosudarstvennomu universitetu – 70 let [Dnepropetrovsk State University – 70 years]. (1988). Dnipropetrovsk [in Russian].
2. Ekaterinoslavskii iubileinyi listok [Ekaterinoslav Jubilee Leaflet]. (1887), № 15.
3. Poljakov, M.V. (Eds.). (2008). Istorija Dnipropetrovsjkogho nacionaljnogho universytetu [History of Dnipropetrovsk National University]. (4th ed., rev.). Dnipropetrovsk: Vyd-vo DNU [in Ukrainian].
4. Lyst L. L. Ivanova do V. I. Vernadskoho [Letter by L. L. Ivanov to V. I. Vernadsky]. Arkhiv RAN, F. 518, op. 3,
pp. 659. Arch. 41 [in Ukrainian].
5. Lystuvannja z departamentom Vyshhoji shkoly pro peretvorennja Katerynoslavsjkykh zhinochykh kursiv u Katerynoslavsjkyj universytet, proekt statutu, toshho [Correspondence with the Department of the Higher School on the transformation of Katerynoslav Women’s Courses at the University of Yekaterinoslav, draft statute, etc.]. CDAVO Ukrajiny, F. 2201, op. 1. Sp. 370 [in Ukrainian].
6. Ob universitete v Ekaterinoslave [About the University in Yekaterinoslav]. (1915). Ekaterinoslavskaia zemskaia gazeta, 27 [in Russian].
7. Ob uchrezhdenіi Universiteta v Gubernskom gorode Ekaterinoslavskogo Namestnichestva [The establishment of the University in the Provincial City of the Ekaterinoslav Provincial Office]. (1830). Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii – The Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. (Vol. XXI) [in Russian].
8. Otkrytie v Ekaterinoslave universiteta ili politekhnikuma [Opening in Yekaterinoslav University or Polytechnic]. (1915). Izv Ekaterinoslav. gorod. obshchestven. Upravleniia, 20-21, 1840-1862 [in Russian].
9. Poida, D.P. (1967). Rozhdennyi Velikim Oktiabrem (k istorii sozdaniia Ekatierinoslavskogo universiteta i ego deiatelnosti v 1918–1920 gg.) [Born of the Great October Revolution (to the history of the creation of the University of Ekaterinoslavoslav and its activities in 1918–1920)]. Velikaia Oktiabrskaia Sotcialisticheskaia revoliutciia i stroitelstvo kommunizma. Tematicheskii sbornik – The Great October Socialist Revolution and the building of communism. Thematic collection. (pp. 3-10). Dnepropetrovsk [in Russian].
10. Poljakov, M.V., & Savchuk, V.S. (2004). Klasychnyj universytet: evoljucija. suchasnyj stan, perspektyvy [Classic University: Evolution. current state, prospects]. Kyiv: Gheneza [in Ukrainian].
11. Poljakov, M.V., & Savchuk, V.S. (2007). Klassicheskii universitet: ot idei antichnosti k ideiam Bolonskogo protcessa [Classical University: From the Ideas of Antiquity to the Ideas of the Bologna Process]. Dnipropetrovsk: Izd-vo DNU [in Russian].
12. Rech professora F. V. Taranovskogo, proiznesennaia v zasedanii Soveta Imperatorskogo Iurevskogo universiteta 27 fevralia 1916 goda «Po voprosu ob evakuatcii Iurevskogo universiteta» [The speech of Professor F. V. Taranovsky, spoken at the meeting of the Council of the Imperial University of Yuriev, on February 27, 1916, «On the Issue of the Evacuation of the University of Yerevan»]. (1916). Yuriev [in Russian].
13. Savchuk, V.S. (1991). K istorii organizatcii Ekaterinoslavskogo universiteta i ego estestvennonauchnykh fakultetov [To the history of the organization of the Ekaterinoslav University and its natural-science faculties]. Ocherki istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, 40, 38-51[in Russian].
14. Chanbarisov, Sh.Kh. (1988). Formirovanie sovetskoi universitetskoi sistemy [Formation of the Soviet University System]. Moscow: Vyssh. shk. [in Russian].
15. Chanbarisov, Sh.Kh. (1973). Stanovlenie sovetskoi universitetskoi sistemy (1917 – 1938 gg.) [Formation of the Soviet University System (1917 – 1938)]. Ufa: Bashkir. kn. izd-vo [in Russian].
Published
2018-07-11
How to Cite
Poliakov, M., Savchuk, V., & Svitlenko, S. (2018). The origins of the Oles Honchar Dnipro National University. Grani, 21(6), 5-12. https://doi.org/10.15421/171878
Section
Статті