Scientific heritage of scientists of the Central Experimental Station of Artificial Insemination of Farm Animals


  • E. I. Yurchenko National Scientific Agricultural Library of NAAS
Keywords: history of agricultural research case, animal husbandry, breeding work, artificial insemination, breed, productivity, linear breeding

Abstract

The article covers the main milestones of the establishment and activity of the Central Experimental Station for Artificial Insemination of Farm Animals (1960-1975), its tasks in the system of selection and breeding in the Ukrainian SSR. The scientific achievements of scientists of the experimental station on the study and generalization of the experience of the state tribal stations and artificial insemination stations of the Ukrainian SSR, optimization of its organizational structure have revealed. Author has proved that the research station has made a significant contribution to the development of theoretical and methodological foundations of the breeding work. In particular, they proposed such elements as the system of linear breeding, methods for assessing the breeding value, selection according to technological qualities, methods of rational use of individuals with record productivity, which have contributed to the improvement of existing breeds and types of farm animals in the republic. The article shows that one of the main tasks of the experimental station – to improve the technology of artificial insemination of farm animals, in particular optimizing the modes and recipes of media for the storage of sexual gametes. The author has substantiates the priority of its scientists in the study of the physiology and biology of the reproductive function of farm animals, the introduction of effective methods for its stimulation. The experimental station proposed a number of priority developments, namely, an improved system of linear breeding, methods for assessing the breeding value of animals, techniques for early diagnostics of pregnancy, etc. The introduction of some developments contributed a significant increase of the productive qualities of animals of Ukrainian republic. It was substantiated that some scientific developments of the experimental station, for example, the methods of using inbreeding to increase the productive qualities of animals, methods of rational use of individuals with record productivity, methods of stimulation of reproductive function, have not lost its practical significance at the present stage of livestock development. The research bases on the comprehensive use of general scientific, structural-functional and historical methods, as well as a broad source base, primarily archival documents.

References

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Published
2018-06-14
How to Cite
Yurchenko, E. (2018). Scientific heritage of scientists of the Central Experimental Station of Artificial Insemination of Farm Animals. Grani, 21(5), 84-89. https://doi.org/10.15421/171871
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