The role of NGO`s in resocialization of incarcerated individuals


  • V. V. Proskura Lviv polytechnic
Keywords: state criminal-executive service, non-governmental organizations, re-socialization, incarcerated individuals, penitentiary institution, functions

Abstract

This article presents the results of theoretical and empirical analyses of the role of NGOs in penitentiary resocialization. We found the lack of clear state regulation of the forms and directions of NGO activity. Despite this, NGOs are actively involved in the activities in the penitentiary institutions in different spheres of their functioning. The urgency of NGOs involvement is related to the following factors: state institutions are not able to ensure successful re-socialization of convicts in the context of penitentiary institutions and create preconditions for their further reintegration into society; prison staff and prisoners themselves highly appreciate the activities of the NGO; NGOs represent an important channel of communication with society, promoting its norms and values; the members of the NGOs help to reduce the feeling of rejection and overcome the negative mental states of convicts; NGOs contribute to the establishment of a support system for convicts both during and after serving the sentence, etc. It is established that the role of NGOs in the resocialization of incarcerated individuals to imprisonment consists of the implementation of measures that directly contribute to the repeated process of persons’ assimilation of social norms, values, roles and skills that are adaptive for functioning in non-criminal social environments, and also contribute to the formation of re-socialization influence on convicts on the part of the personnel of the penitentiary institutions. It is revealed that the main functions of the NGO in relation to the re-socialization of incarcerated persons are: 1) a group of functions that are directly (or mainly) oriented on convicts (legal, psychological, social, material and economic, professional, educational, bringing up, cultural, medical, physical culture), 2) a group of functions that do not directly target convicts (informing the public, establishing cooperation, monitoring, teaching and methodological measures for employees). It has been established that the broadest group in the first group is represented by professional, educational, educational and cultural functions, and in the second, the function of informing the public. It was found out that the majority of NGOs are of local and all-nation localization, and according to the functions of the NGO with a clearly defined social orientation, human rights defenders and those that facilitate the activities of the other NGOs.

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Published
2018-06-14
How to Cite
Proskura, V. (2018). The role of NGO`s in resocialization of incarcerated individuals. Grani, 21(5), 54-65. https://doi.org/10.15421/171868
Section
Статті