Contribution of the Hetmanate’s diplomatic corps in implementing the geopolitical strategy of Pavlo Skoropadsky


Keywords: First World War, Ukrainian State, hetman’s government, Fourth Union, diplomacy, foreign policy, geopolicy

Abstract

We analyzed the main conditions and aspects of practical implementation of intergovernmental relations of the Ukrainian Hetman state in the context of foreign policy connected with West European direction.We characterized the division of the directions of interstate relations into four groups. The first group includes relations with Germany and Austria-Hungary. The second group includes relations with the countries and state formations that appeared in the territory of the Russian Empire after its collapse. The third group includes Romania and Poland. The common feature of these countries should be the presence of territorial claims and ambitions of both states in relation to Ukraine and the restoration of its historic grandeur. The countries of the Quadruple Alliance and neutral countries of Europe are included to the fourth group.We made an important conclusion that the main export potential and the main factor influencing the countries of the Quadruple Alliance of the Ukrainian State were military goods, arms, ammunition and food.We highlighted a number of shortcomings in the geopolitical strategy of Hetman Skoropadsky’s government. Firstly, it is excessive concentration on the German and Austro-Hungarian vectors, the lack of development of relations with neutral countries in order to attract additional capital to the Ukrainian economy. Secondly, significant outflows of capital from the Entente countries, which were invested in the industrial sector during the time of the Ukrainian People’s Republic is also considerable.We think that the analysis of the practical geopolitical strategy of Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky by the diplomatic corps of the Ukrainian State makes positive conclusions regarding the quality and quantity of established diplomatic communications.We looked into the question of the priority orientation on the countries of the Quadruple Alliance from the part of Hetman Skoropadsky, who tried to develop diplomatic relations with neighboring countries, including the states formed on the territory of the Russian Empire after its collapse.We found that the attempts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the diplomatic corps of the Ukrainian State of Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky were connected with permanent international communication with 10 countries. Besides, temporary diplomatic missions were sent to more than 20 countries during this period. The delay in the establishment of diplomatic relations with Entente countries should be considered as a disadvantage of the geopolitical strategy of Hetman Skoropadsky, which can be explained by the active opposition of the diplomatic corps of Germany and Austria-Hungary.

References

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Published
2018-04-20
How to Cite
Prykhodko, M. (2018). Contribution of the Hetmanate’s diplomatic corps in implementing the geopolitical strategy of Pavlo Skoropadsky. Grani, 21(3), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.15421/10.15421/171839
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