International labor migration of ukrainians in the conditions of military conflict in the east of the country


Keywords: labor migrant, external labor migration, internal labor migration, hybrid war, labor market, employment, European Union countries, recipient countries, illegal employment, war, border

Abstract

The migration processes in Ukraine is analysed in the article, in particular the focus is on external labor migration in the context of a military conflict in the eastern Ukraine. The population migration is so-called «Litmus paper», reflecting problems in the country, also it is a kind of reaction to changes in the political and socio-economic spheres of society. It is established tha their magnitude and directions determine the stability or instability of social development. The aim of this article is to analyse the labor migration, which remains a topical issue in our country since nineties. External labor migration is understood as a type of migration that a person does to find a job, that is, moving of the working people for employing that can be permanently or temporary. The secondary analysis of data, which Ukrainian researchers got, was carried out to estimate the scale of migration. So it turned out that most exposed to migratory movement are people living in the border regions of Western and Eastern Ukraine. The reasons of displacement were changed a little. In the nineties the reason was total unemployment and the decline of the country, today migrants enjoy greater welfare of other states and higher wages compared to Ukraine. The issue of migration for Ukraine has been updated in recent years in connection with the military conflict in Donbas, therefore, the causes of labor migration of the East are, first of all, loss of housing or the saving of family life, as well as earnings due to the loss of jobs in connection with the military actions. Citizens of the region choose Russia for earning money, because of the border closeness, the lack of language barriers and the relatives live there as well. People from Donbas, who received or will receive the legal rights for staying in the EU countries are unlikely to return to Ukraine. Also that people who left for Russia will stay in this country. Many of them have got refugee status, others have managed to obtain another citizenship. And the negative moment is that the overwhelming majority of these citizens are young people – highly skilled specialists.In general, Ukrainians often choose to leave for such countries as Russia, Poland, Italy, Czech Republic, Spain etc. As a social phenomenon labor migration has positive and negative sides, and its scale predetermines the need for state regulation of migration processes. It is proved that at present the most attractive European Union place among recipient countries is Poland. It has been shown that migration today has a long-term character, the migrant workers do their best not to return to their homeland, especially nowadays when there is a war in the country.

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Published
2018-04-19
How to Cite
Gots, A. (2018). International labor migration of ukrainians in the conditions of military conflict in the east of the country. Grani, 21(3), 6-11. https://doi.org/10.15421/10.15421/171831
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