The dangerous nature of Sayyid Qutb’s religious doctrine


Keywords: Salafism, religious extremism, Islam, jihad

Abstract

The research of the Sayyid Qutb’s book “Milestones Along the Way” argued that Qutb’s doctrine is dangerous. Firstly, this doctrine aims to achieve world domination by military means. Secondly, it incites religious hatred against the huge masses of people. Thirdly, this doctrine justifies religious wars. Fourthly, it agitates for the establishment of a totalitarian society. Fifthly, it offers training techniques for religious extremists. Sayyid Qutb proclaims an offensive military jihad as the main mean to achieve his goals. Sayyid Qutb emphasizes that the jihad has to subjugate the whole world and captured peoples have either to become Muslims, or to pay tributes (jizya) during all life. Moreover, the study found the three causes of the failure of Sayyid Qutb’s doctrine. Firstly, this doctrine is based on manipulations and quoting Muhammad’s words out of their context. Secondly, Sayyid Qutb’s doctrine declares the war toward the whole world and attempts to implement this idea will inevitably lead to defeat. Thirdly, it seeks to force the 21st century people live according to the norms of the seventh century people and it obviously is a utopia. Also, the study argued that Qutb’s ideas are dangerous not only to non-Muslim people, but also to Muslims. Firstly, Sayyid Qutb offers Muslims to fight against their own Muslim states. This idea would provoke civic, fratricidal wars in Muslim countries. Secondly, Qutb opposes the classic Islam doctrine, offering his own understanding of Islam instead. Well-known Muslim scholars criticize points of Qutb’s understanding. Thirdly, radical attempts to implement Sayyid Qutb’s doctrine set people from different countries against Islam, because these radicals hide behind the name of Islam. Sayyid Qutb regards our time as an arena for the relapse of the events that took place in the seventh century, when salafs (the first Muslims) increased the Islamic theocratic state ownership from one oasis in the desert to vast areas stretching from India to the Atlantic Ocean. Qutb believes that all the twentieth century counties without exception (both non-Muslim counties and Muslim ones) are in the state of pagan ignorance now. He emphasizes that this state requires immediate relapse of the events of more than a thousand years ago - when Muslim warriors carried Islam by sword in all the land which they were able to conquer.

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Published
2018-04-09
How to Cite
Nesprava, M. (2018). The dangerous nature of Sayyid Qutb’s religious doctrine. Grani, 21(2), 161-167. https://doi.org/10.15421/1718300
Section
Статті