The altruistic aspects in Volodymyr Solovyov’s active love


Keywords: Agape, Eros, Caritas, good, metaphysics, Christianity, Orthodoxy, God, altruism

Abstract

In his works Vl. Soloviev advocated the proclamation of a great and life-saving power of love. Moreover from his point of view, true love is active love, active participation in the affairs of the world and its transformation. Active love is love that is inspired by God’s grace; it is the ideal of a person’s spiritual achievement. According to Vl. Solovyov, the unity of the divine and human can be attained through morality, virtue and perfection. His moral conception of love follows from these provisions. The philosopher called for striving for perfection, namely absolute perfection, when all people will be united in the idea of love and good. As a result they will implement the altruistic principles of love for one’s neighbour. It is important that true love at least for one person fills a man with a metaphysical state of love that leads to the possibility of doing good deeds. All this moves man into condition of active love for everyone. Love begins from the moment when a person seeks to know another, tries to understand and tries to join. Consequently to love another person means to understand him as unique. Love (like as philosophy) begins with misunderstanding, from the question of the Another, with the desire to understand him. And this is the source of its development. Love calls for action, the action serves as the fact of the beginning of love. Therefore the article is devoted to the phenomenon of active love. The purpose of the study is the conceptualization of the idea of active love in the philosophy of Vl. Solovyov, the extract of its altruistic expression and the description of the key components of this concept. The impact of the views of Plato, R. Descartes, B. Spinoza, I. Kant, G. W. F. Hegel, G. Skovoroda and P. Yurkevich on the formation of ideas of Vl. Solovyov has been assessed. The comparative connections with the ideas of E. Fromm, С. S. Lewis, J. Ortega y Gasset, P. Tillich, G. Marcel, P. Bruckner, were revealed. It is found that active love is a moral love that inspires a person to do good for other people; it is based on respect for another person and on the recognition of its uniqueness and individuality. Active love is the same as a good relationship, however, it includes the act of action that leads to the transformation of individual and society as a whole. It is explored nine manifestations of active love: magnanimity, unselfishness, generosity, patience, sincerity, individual direction, timelessness, freedom from external obstacles, desire for unity. It is shown that love are based on such feelings as compassion (empathy), shame (conscience) and veneration (adoration and deification), which urged a person to the active good.

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Published
2017-11-10
How to Cite
Skliar, A. (2017). The altruistic aspects in Volodymyr Solovyov’s active love. Grani, 20(11), 106-116. https://doi.org/10.15421/1717154
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