Social orphanhood as a consequence of migration processes in modern Ukraine


Keywords: labor migration, transnational family, children of labour migrants, social orphans, communication, emotional deprivation, primary control, deviant behavior

Abstract

According to the theory of organizations, a comprehensive development of the country is possible only with the targeted effective functioning of all its elements. Territorial and administrative components of any state are grassroots structural units that form its administrative and territorial division. Necessity of administrative reform came up simultaneously with the independence of Ukraine. Absence of political will, changes in political system and periodic elections and crisis hold over this process. Main problem on the way of building effective administrative and system of giving public service is the division of power between local government and central administration. Division of power, financial resources and control are three whales, that made base for an effective model of local self-government. Key-problems of implementation administrative reform in Ukraine are: 1) the principle of «voluntary» community association, 2) it is impossible to reform the local government without changes to the Constitution, 3) local elections take place on the old territorial basis, 4) conservatism of the local elite and the reluctance to change anything at all. Moreover the key-myth is that the administrative-territorial structure of the country will be radically changed, and in fact the map of Ukraine will be re-mapped. The reality is that the major changes will affect the local level - the community, the number and boundaries of regions and districts will not be changed.The practical implementation of the administrative reform involves changes in three dimensions: 1) territorial (change of administrative-territorial system), 2) administrative (delegation of significant powers to the local level, change of power vertical), 3) financial (redistribution of budget funds in order to target them to community level).To summarize, the political consensus on the model of the territorial structure of Ukraine and on the status of the Donbas is necessary for the successful implementation of the administrative reform. Administrative reform should be aimed primarily at satisfying the needs of the community in order to improve their standard of living and provide quality management services.

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Published
2017-10-16
How to Cite
Chornopyska, K. (2017). Social orphanhood as a consequence of migration processes in modern Ukraine. Grani, 20(10), 43-47. https://doi.org/10.15421/1717131
Section
Статті