Transformation of out-of-school education in a new educational institution
AbstractThe purpose of the article is affirm the idea that the value of such institution as out-of-school education of children has been considerably changed in XXI century. Empiric and general methodic approaches and techniques have been used during the investigation. The results of thought experiment that the author has carried out within 4 years with the pedagogical stuff of the out-of-school institutions of the region in the post-graduate educational system have been analyzed. The author maintains the opinion that modern innovative transformations in out-of-school education of children should fundamentally change our assessments of its role in the system of lifelong learning. The author estimates the out-of-school education as such that performs its special function in the general structure of education. According to its purpose, it is not secondary or additional in comparison with the functionality of other structural elements. It has its role: to follow the personal needs of the child. «Z» generation is fundamentally different in its spectrum of needs, and modern societies need to be flexible and multidimensional in order to guide them to make a profit to society. We need to respond quickly to the demand of a modern child, a teenager. The study found out that there are constant changes in the out-of-school environment. The changes are conditioned, firstly, because of the general transition of the education system of Ukraine to the competence training paradigm. Secondly, out-of-school education of children is in the plane of the informal education sector of Ukraine, which has not yet been formalized as part of domestic legislation. Taking into account the steady tendency to accumulate changes, the author assesses their influence on the out-of-school educational environment. The author points out that out-of-school pedagogy compensates the disadvantages and contradictions of school pedagogy due to its child-centeredness. That is why the practice of modern out-of-school education shows steady examples of the successful solution of the problems of person’s education, the final result of which is the self-realization and self-affirmation of pupils of out-of-school institutions. The author found out that the modern out-of-school pedagogical process of solving the above-mentioned tasks successfully relies on the categories and ideas used by well-known western pragmatists of the last century. The most widespread in the out-of-school educational process were the ideas about the orientation of education to the needs of the child, the close relationship of education with practice, recognition of the child’s individuality and the view of the goal of education as self-education, etc. Moreover, the study revealed that the out-of-school environment demonstrates a wide range of opportunities for children and adolescents to acquire key competencies that help a modern person to be self-realizing in later life. Currently, these changes suggest that out-of-school education accumulates a certain number of new features in the present century. The process of their accumulation continues. That is precisely why it can be argued that out-of-school education in Ukraine is transforming into a new educational institution.
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