Formation of John Dewey’s Views in american society of the XIX century and classical German philosophy
AbstractIn the article were analyzed John Dewey’s views on American pragmatism and its connection to classical German philosophy. Here were also revealed some historical prerequisites affecting the formation of Dewey’s views on the main notions of his doctrine, as «experience», «pragmatism», «logic». The aim of the study is to examine the main standpoints of the representatives of American pragmatism, in particular one of John Dewey, and determine its connection to classical German philosophy. For this study were used following methodological instruments: analytical method – for classifying the material in order to structure theoretical and methodological research grounds; historical method – to analyze the evolution of the scientist’s views in relation to classical German philosophy; comparative – to reveal the significance of the German classical philosophy to the formation of the views of the scientist. John Dewey is known to be a bright representative of classical American pragmatism, which owes its beginnings to classical German philosophy, what we prove in this study. In the broad sense classical American pragmatists like Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, John Dewey developed classical German idealistic tradition, finishing its naturalization, started by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Learning of John Dewey’s views, which get beyond the frames of rationalism, is a certain turnaround to the sources of pragmatism in German idealism. So that we come to the conclusion, that pragmatists, particularly John Dewey, who played an important role, synthesize naturalism and empiricism, and after all comes into consideration a matter of synthesizing rationalism and pragmatism.
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